Brains As Engines Of Association

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Brains As Engines Of Association


Brains As Engines Of Association
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Brains As Engines Of Association


Brains As Engines Of Association
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Author : Dale Purves
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2019-04-01

Brains As Engines Of Association written by Dale Purves and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-04-01 with Medical categories.


Brains as Engines of Association tackles a fundamental question in neuroscience: what is the operating principle of the human brain? While a similar question has been asked and answered for virtually every other human organ during the last few centuries, how the brain operates has remained a central challenge in biology. Based on evidence derived from vision, audition, speech and music--much of it based on the author's own work over the last twenty years--Brains as Engines of Association argues that brains operate wholly on the basis of trial and error experience, encoded in neural circuitry over evolutionary and individual time. This concept of neural function runs counter to current concepts that view the brain as a computing machine, and research programs based on the idea that the only way to answer such questions is by reconstructing the connectivity of brains in their entirety. This view also implies that the best way to understand the details of brain function is to recapitulate their history using artificial neural networks. While this viewpoint has received support in the last few years from work showing that computers can win complex games, the brain plays a much more complex game--the "game" of biological survival--which Purves concludes is based on trial-and-error experience.

Brains As Engines Of Association


Brains As Engines Of Association
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Author : PURVES.
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date :

Brains As Engines Of Association written by PURVES. and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on with categories.




Brains As Engines Of Association


Brains As Engines Of Association
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READ ONLINE


Author : Dale Purves
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2019-04-01

Brains As Engines Of Association written by Dale Purves and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-04-01 with Medical categories.


Brains as Engines of Association tackles a fundamental question in neuroscience: what is the operating principle of the human brain? While a similar question has been asked and answered for virtually every other human organ during the last few centuries, how the brain operates has remained a central challenge in biology. Based on evidence derived from vision, audition, speech and music--much of it based on the author's own work over the last twenty years--Brains as Engines of Association argues that brains operate wholly on the basis of trial and error experience, encoded in neural circuitry over evolutionary and individual time. This concept of neural function runs counter to current concepts that view the brain as a computing machine, and research programs based on the idea that the only way to answer such questions is by reconstructing the connectivity of brains in their entirety. This view also implies that the best way to understand the details of brain function is to recapitulate their history using artificial neural networks. While this viewpoint has received support in the last few years from work showing that computers can win complex games, the brain plays a much more complex game--the "game" of biological survival--which Purves concludes is based on trial-and-error experience.

You And Your Brain


You And Your Brain
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Author : Dale Purves
language : en
Publisher: Bookbaby
Release Date : 2020-09-05

You And Your Brain written by Dale Purves and has been published by Bookbaby this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2020-09-05 with Juvenile Nonfiction categories.


Experts worldwide have been researching the brain for over a century, but we still don't know everything. 'You and Your Brain' explains what we do know about how the human brain works for bright kids ages 10 to 15. Dale Purves pulls no punches in teaching young readers about the most mysterious part of the body. Using visual diagrams and pulling from Dr. Purves' career in neuroscience, the book inspires the next generation of scientists to discover what is yet to be known. Dale Purves is Geller Professor of Neurobiology Emeritus in the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences where he remains Research Professor. He has authored many books on the subject of neuroscience, most recently 'Music as Biology' and 'Brains as Engines of Association,' published by Harvard University Press and Oxford University Press, respectively.

The Brain That Changes Itself


The Brain That Changes Itself
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Author : Norman Doidge
language : en
Publisher: Penguin
Release Date : 2007-03-15

The Brain That Changes Itself written by Norman Doidge and has been published by Penguin this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-03-15 with Psychology categories.


“Fascinating. Doidge’s book is a remarkable and hopeful portrait of the endless adaptability of the human brain.”—Oliver Sacks, MD, author of The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat What is neuroplasticity? Is it possible to change your brain? Norman Doidge’s inspiring guide to the new brain science explains all of this and more An astonishing new science called neuroplasticity is overthrowing the centuries-old notion that the human brain is immutable, and proving that it is, in fact, possible to change your brain. Psychoanalyst, Norman Doidge, M.D., traveled the country to meet both the brilliant scientists championing neuroplasticity, its healing powers, and the people whose lives they’ve transformed—people whose mental limitations, brain damage or brain trauma were seen as unalterable. We see a woman born with half a brain that rewired itself to work as a whole, blind people who learn to see, learning disorders cured, IQs raised, aging brains rejuvenated, stroke patients learning to speak, children with cerebral palsy learning to move with more grace, depression and anxiety disorders successfully treated, and lifelong character traits changed. Using these marvelous stories to probe mysteries of the body, emotion, love, sex, culture, and education, Dr. Doidge has written an immensely moving, inspiring book that will permanently alter the way we look at our brains, human nature, and human potential.

Discovering The Brain


Discovering The Brain
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Author : National Academy of Sciences
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 1992-01-01

Discovering The Brain written by National Academy of Sciences and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1992-01-01 with Medical categories.


The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the Brain is based on the Institute of Medicine conference, Decade of the Brain: Frontiers in Neuroscience and Brain Research. Discovering the Brain is a "field guide" to the brain--an easy-to-read discussion of the brain's physical structure and where functions such as language and music appreciation lie. Ackerman examines How electrical and chemical signals are conveyed in the brain. The mechanisms by which we see, hear, think, and pay attention--and how a "gut feeling" actually originates in the brain. Learning and memory retention, including parallels to computer memory and what they might tell us about our own mental capacity. Development of the brain throughout the life span, with a look at the aging brain. Ackerman provides an enlightening chapter on the connection between the brain's physical condition and various mental disorders and notes what progress can realistically be made toward the prevention and treatment of stroke and other ailments. Finally, she explores the potential for major advances during the "Decade of the Brain," with a look at medical imaging techniques--what various technologies can and cannot tell us--and how the public and private sectors can contribute to continued advances in neuroscience. This highly readable volume will provide the public and policymakers--and many scientists as well--with a helpful guide to understanding the many discoveries that are sure to be announced throughout the "Decade of the Brain."

Artificial Intelligence In The Age Of Neural Networks And Brain Computing


Artificial Intelligence In The Age Of Neural Networks And Brain Computing
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Author : Robert Kozma
language : en
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-10-30

Artificial Intelligence In The Age Of Neural Networks And Brain Computing written by Robert Kozma and has been published by Academic Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-10-30 with Science categories.


Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing demonstrates that existing disruptive implications and applications of AI is a development of the unique attributes of neural networks, mainly machine learning, distributed architectures, massive parallel processing, black-box inference, intrinsic nonlinearity and smart autonomous search engines. The book covers the major basic ideas of brain-like computing behind AI, provides a framework to deep learning, and launches novel and intriguing paradigms as future alternatives. The success of AI-based commercial products proposed by top industry leaders, such as Google, IBM, Microsoft, Intel and Amazon can be interpreted using this book. Developed from the 30th anniversary of the International Neural Network Society (INNS) and the 2017 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN) Authored by top experts, global field pioneers and researchers working on cutting-edge applications in signal processing, speech recognition, games, adaptive control and decision-making Edited by high-level academics and researchers in intelligent systems and neural networks