Conscious States

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Conscious States


Conscious States
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Hypnosis And Conscious States


Hypnosis And Conscious States
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Author : Graham Jamieson
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2007-01-18

Hypnosis And Conscious States written by Graham Jamieson and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-01-18 with Medical categories.


Hypnosis provides a rich paradigm for those seeking to understand the processes that underlie consciousness. This book describes the latest advances in understanding hypnosis and similar trance states by researchers within the neuroscience of consciousness.

Altered States Of Consciousness


Altered States Of Consciousness
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Author : Marc Wittmann
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2018-09-04

Altered States Of Consciousness written by Marc Wittmann and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-09-04 with Psychology categories.


What altered states of consciousness—the dissolution of feelings of time and self—can tell us about the mystery of consciousness. During extraordinary moments of consciousness—shock, meditative states and sudden mystical revelations, out-of-body experiences, or drug intoxication—our senses of time and self are altered; we may even feel time and self dissolving. These experiences have long been ignored by mainstream science, or considered crazy fantasies. Recent research, however, has located the neural underpinnings of these altered states of mind. In this book, neuropsychologist Marc Wittmann shows how experiences that disturb or widen our everyday understanding of the self can help solve the mystery of consciousness. Wittmann explains that the relationship between consciousness of time and consciousness of self is close; in extreme circumstances, the experiences of space and self intensify and weaken together. He considers the emergence of the self in waking life and dreams; how our sense of time is distorted by extreme situations ranging from terror to mystical enlightenment; the experience of the moment; and the loss of time and self in such disorders as depression, schizophrenia, and epilepsy. Dostoyevsky reported godly bliss during epileptic seizures; neurologists are now investigating the phenomenon of the epileptic aura. Wittmann describes new studies of psychedelics that show how the brain builds consciousness of self and time, and discusses pilot programs that use hallucinogens to treat severe depression, anxiety, and addiction. If we want to understand our consciousness, our subjectivity, Wittmann argues, we must not be afraid to break new ground. Studying altered states of consciousness leads us directly to the heart of the matter: time and self, the foundations of consciousness.

The Chemistry Of Conscious States


The Chemistry Of Conscious States
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Author : J. Allan Hobson
language : en
Publisher: Little, Brown Medical Division
Release Date : 1994

The Chemistry Of Conscious States written by J. Allan Hobson and has been published by Little, Brown Medical Division this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1994 with Medical categories.


A neurophysiologist provides familiar examples to illustrate his theories about the relationship between complex mental states and electrochemical events in the brain, linking human chemical systems to emotions, dreams, and memory. 15,000 first printing.

Conscious States


Conscious States
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Author : J. Hobson
language : en
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date : 2017-05-17

Conscious States written by J. Hobson and has been published by Createspace Independent Publishing Platform this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-05-17 with categories.


This book advances Dr. Hobson's AIM (Activation-Input-output gating, Modulation) model of waking, sleeping, and dreaming consciousness. It builds upon Hobson and Robert W. McCarley's "activation-synthesis" neurophysiological model of dream generation and connects with Karl J. Friston's model of brain function based on free-energy minimization. ----- Foreword Consciousness has been called the last scientific frontier. Neurobiology considers this frontier to have been reached and has begun to study it via the selective analysis of consciousness components. This book uses neurobiology to examine how all of these psychological components are tied together physiologically as the states of waking, sleeping, and dreaming. Having established the scientific validity of identification and differentiation of the physiological states, their psychological features are defined and measured. This establishes the correlation between physiology and psychology. In this book, emphasis is placed upon the correlation of dream psychology with REM sleep physiology compared with the correlation of psychology with the physiology of waking. Because this is a very novel and very preliminary effort, the correlations sought and demonstrated are necessarily formal. This contrasts with the content analytic approach, which has heretofore failed to produce a science of conscious states, and especially a science of dreaming. By formal, I mean, for example, the identification and measurement of such coarse-grained global and universal psychological features of conscious states as sensation, attention, perception, thought, memory, and volition. Once identified and measured, such formal psychological features of any given conscious state can then be mapped onto the measured formal properties of the physiological state with which they are correlated. Based on the goodness of fit of the correlations, the hypothesis of the unity of psychology and physiology may then be considered. In fact, the fit of dream psychology (e.g. bizarreness) and REM sleep physiology (e.g. aminergic demodulation) is so good as to suggest at least a formal isomorphism between the two levels of analysis. The fit is so good as to suggest a causal identity between psychology and physiology. Among the scientific implications of this dual-aspect line of reasoning is the elaboration of a three-dimensional model, called AIM, which illustrates the concept of brain/mind isomorphism and shows how that concept can be used to understand not only the vicissitudes of normal consciousness but also the panoply of unusual and abnormal states such as lucid dreaming, hypnosis, and psychosis. The AIM model is presented as a preview of coming attractions at the hands of mathematically sophisticated consciousness scientists like Karl Friston. The most significant philosophical implication of the dual-aspect monism philosophy elaborated in this book is the reciprocal causality principle. Not only are the psychological and physiological levels of analysis linked phenomenologically, but they are also linked causally: mind is causal upon brain and brain is causal upon mind. This is not surprising if they are one and the same thing and only observed and measured separately.

Shift In The Conscious States Of Mind Revamped


Shift In The Conscious States Of Mind Revamped
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Author : karthik poovanam
language : en
Publisher: BookRix
Release Date : 2013-11-01

Shift In The Conscious States Of Mind Revamped written by karthik poovanam and has been published by BookRix this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-11-01 with Self-Help categories.


This book is a possibility for everyone who is looking for tools to unleash their true potential. Your performance will be at its best only when you learn how to dissolve your fear, have internal clarity, and have an amazing ability to have a vibrant relationships.

Conscious States


Conscious States
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Author : J. Hobson
language : en
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date : 2017-05-19

Conscious States written by J. Hobson and has been published by Createspace Independent Publishing Platform this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-05-19 with categories.


This book advances Dr. Hobson's AIM (Activation-Input-output gating, Modulation) model of waking, sleeping, and dreaming consciousness. It builds upon Hobson and Robert W. McCarley's "activation-synthesis" neurophysiological model of dream generation and connects with Karl J. Friston's model of brain function based on free-energy minimization. ----- Foreword Consciousness has been called the last scientific frontier. Neurobiology considers this frontier to have been reached and has begun to study it via the selective analysis of consciousness components. This book uses neurobiology to examine how all of these psychological components are tied together physiologically as the states of waking, sleeping, and dreaming. Having established the scientific validity of identification and differentiation of the physiological states, their psychological features are defined and measured. This establishes the correlation between physiology and psychology. In this book, emphasis is placed upon the correlation of dream psychology with REM sleep physiology compared with the correlation of psychology with the physiology of waking. Because this is a very novel and very preliminary effort, the correlations sought and demonstrated are necessarily formal. This contrasts with the content analytic approach, which has heretofore failed to produce a science of conscious states, and especially a science of dreaming. By formal, I mean, for example, the identification and measurement of such coarse-grained global and universal psychological features of conscious states as sensation, attention, perception, thought, memory, and volition. Once identified and measured, such formal psychological features of any given conscious state can then be mapped onto the measured formal properties of the physiological state with which they are correlated. Based on the goodness of fit of the correlations, the hypothesis of the unity of psychology and physiology may then be considered. In fact, the fit of dream psychology (e.g. bizarreness) and REM sleep physiology (e.g. aminergic demodulation) is so good as to suggest at least a formal isomorphism between the two levels of analysis. The fit is so good as to suggest a causal identity between psychology and physiology. Among the scientific implications of this dual-aspect line of reasoning is the elaboration of a three-dimensional model, called AIM, which illustrates the concept of brain/mind isomorphism and shows how that concept can be used to understand not only the vicissitudes of normal consciousness but also the panoply of unusual and abnormal states such as lucid dreaming, hypnosis, and psychosis. The AIM model is presented as a preview of coming attractions at the hands of mathematically sophisticated consciousness scientists like Karl Friston. The most significant philosophical implication of the dual-aspect monism philosophy elaborated in this book is the reciprocal causality principle. Not only are the psychological and physiological levels of analysis linked phenomenologically, but they are also linked causally: mind is causal upon brain and brain is causal upon mind. This is not surprising if they are one and the same thing and only observed and measured separately.

Thinking About Consciousness


Thinking About Consciousness
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Author : David Papineau
language : en
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Release Date : 2002-04-25

Thinking About Consciousness written by David Papineau and has been published by Clarendon Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2002-04-25 with Philosophy categories.


The relation between subjective consciousness and the physical brain is widely regarded as the last mystery facing science. This book argues that there is no real puzzle here. Consciousness seems mysterious, not because of any hidden essence, but only because we think about it in a special way. David Papineau exposes the resulting potential for confusion, and shows that much scientific study of consciousness is misconceived. Modern physical science strongly supports a materialist account of consciousness. But there remains considerable resistance to this, both in philosophy and in the way most people think about the mind; we fall back on a dualist view, that consciousness is not part of the material world. Papineau argues that resistance to materialism is groundless. He offers a detailed analysis of the way human beings think about consciousness, and in particular the way in which we humans think about our conscious states by activating those selfsame states. His careful account of this distinctive mode of phenomenal thinking enables him, first, to show that the standard arguments against dualism are unsound, second, to explain why dualism is nevertheless so intuitively persuasive, and third, to expose much contemporary scientific study of consciousness as resting on a confusion. In placing a materialist account of consciousness on a firm foundation, this clear and forthright book lays many traditional problems to rest, and offers escape from immemorial misconceptions about the mind.